This project aims to develop an e-policy platform augmented with a toolbox of applications and online services, which will assist national and regional authorities in the EU in elaborating or revising their smart specialisation agenda, in terms of policies and strategy.Read more…
Service Systems Engineering: Emerging Skills and Tools
Our world is one of a global service economy, as services constitute most of the Gross Domestic Products (GDP). Because of this phenomenon in global growth, researchers and practitioners have increased their consideration of Service Science and Service Systems Engineering (SSE). Within this framework, the paper “Service Systems Engineering: Emerging Skills and Tools” by Pineda et al. (2012) presented at the “Conference on Systems Engineering Research” suggests improvements of the already available architectural frameworks of servi [...]
Smart Specialisation: Towards the Potential Application of the Concept for the Local Development
The paper “Smart Specialisation: Towards the Potential Application of the Concept for the Local Development” by Jucevičius and Galbuogienė (2014) was presented at the 19th International Scientific Conference "Economics and Management 2014 (ICEM-2014)". It concludes that the smart specialisation concept involves various ways to become smart. Therefore, the concept itself can be challenging since there are research gaps. Consequently, the paper evaluates some elements of existing research on s [...]
Including (1) Governance Structure, which defines the governance of the RIS3 strategy based on the particular regional context; (2) Broad Participation of actors from the quadruple helix in the design and implementation of RIS3; and (3) Management and Communication, which defines the consensus-building process focused on awareness-raising, priority-shaping and fostering a sense of ownership, and links between strategies taken at different levels that enable the identification of a policy mix.
Including (1) Regional / national Assets, which shed light on the potential for knowledge-based transformation of the economy, identify potential niches for smart specialisation, and describe regional/local assets’ endowment; (2) Outward Dimension, which makes a thorough presentation of a region’s profile and position in terms of extroversion and international competitiveness; and (3) Entrepreneurial Dynamics, which builds a systematic understanding of areas that have the greatest potential for future development.
Among stakeholders, including (1) a Broad View of Innovation, from business, environmental and societal point of view; (2) Grand Challenges that enrich the basic vision of the region with problems and challenges to address; and (3) Scenario Analysis, in which a series of future scenarios are elaborated. Possible Risks should be identified and assessed through a Risk Assessment matrix. At the end, a final scenario should be developed including various options according to possible changes.
Including (1) a Revision of past priorities to gain experience from previous innovation strategies; (2) Consistency of priority objectives and goals with geographical characteristics of the region; and (3) Critical Mass for identification of a limited number of priority activities and technologies for regional specialisation, as well as participatory processes for the engagement of stakeholders and the civil society in setting the innovation strategy objectives.
It is the action plan for the implementation of strategy, including (1) a Roadmap that leads to the definition rules and tools in order to reach the prioritised goals; (2) Balance of proposed policy mix between horizontal and vertical actions, and a detailed description of actions that are included into the RIS3 action plan; and (3) the regional / national framework conditions for the implementation of the S3 strategy.
At this step the framework for RIS3 monitoring and evaluation is created, including (1) Output and result indicators, with output indictors measuring the direct outcome of RIS3 actions, and result indicators measuring the change and evolution of the regional productive structure and innovation performance; (2) Monitoring that defines the systematic collection of data and assessment, and (3) continuous Update of RIS3 action plan.
- Evidence-based considering all assets and problems in a region, incl. External perspective / internal / global market (critical mass? Opportunities? excellence? cooperation? Value chains?)
- No top-down decision, but dynamic /entrepreneurial discovery process uniting key stakeholders around shared vision
- Mobilisation of investments and synergies across different departments and governance levels (EU-national-regional)
- All forms of innovation – no only technology driven
- Differentiation: SWOT analysis (all types of assets), competitive advantages, potential for excellence, opportunities
- Concentration of resources on priorities, problems and core needs (no sprinkler principle, no picking the winners, yes to catalytic investments)
- Place-based economic transformation: rejuvenating traditional sectors through higher value-added activities, cross-sectoral links, new market niches by sourcing-in and disseminating new technologies rather than re-inventing the wheel; exploiting new forms of innovation
Source: M. Landabaso, Research and innovation strategies for smart specialization
The Guide on Research and Innovation Strategies for Smart Specialisation is targeted at Structural Funds Managing Authorities, policy-makers and regional development professionals. It sets out the concept and provides orientations on how to develop research and innovation strategies for smart specialisation (RIS3).
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The development of a tool for the synthetic representation of the progress made in drafting/designing a RIS3 allows condensing a huge amount of information in one visual modality. Although limitations might play a significant role, namely those linked to making a complex process appear simple, the assessment wheel can usefully support a number of activities, e.g. self-assessments, peer-reviews, expert contributions, presentations at dissemination, discussion and negotiation meetings, etc.
The wheel is built on the basis of the six steps described in the RIS3 Guide and the identification of 3 critical factors for each step. The scaling tool (from 0 to 5) estimates the seriousness of the evidence provided in the process as far as each critical factor is concerned.
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The Platform is hosted by the Institute for Prospective Technological Studies (IPTS) in Seville, part of the European Commission’s Joint Research Centre. It is made up of three main parts:
A project management and research team
at the IPTS; A Steering Team
gathering representatives of several Commission Services; A Mirror Group
composed of leading academics and experts in the fields of innovation and regional development, as well as representatives of networks such as EURADA, ERRIN, EBN, OECD, European Cluster Observatory and European Cluster Alliance).Read more…